City Deal - Focus Areas

Although every City Deal is unique, the Australian Government has identified six focus themes or areas for action.

Depending on local priorities and issues, a City Deal might include investment, planning, policy and regulatory changes in relation to all or some of the following focus areas:

Infrastructure and investment

  • This relates to the city’s investment environment, with a particular focus on the quality, efficiency and effectiveness of infrastructure.

  • The Government aims to improve accessibility and productivity in cities by supporting transport solutions that efficiently connect people with jobs and services, and goods with markets.

  • For instance, several cities are working towards the concept of a ’30 minute city’, where residents can access employment, education, services and recreational facilities within 30 minutes of home, regardless of where they live.

  • The Government also aims to utilise innovative financing and value capture where possible, to maximise and capture the value of investment.

Liveability and sustainability

  • This relates to the health and wellbeing of residents, the attractiveness and amenity of the city, and the state of the environment and the local response to climate change.

  • The Government aims to improve our cities across all three dimensions. This includes improving safety, social cohesion and health, while reducing disadvantage in local communities.

  • It also includes improving air quality, smart urban and landscape design, access to green space and the use of active transport, while acting to reduce carbon emissions.


  • This relates to the affordability of housing in our cities, the supply and diversity of new housing stock and where housing is located, including how accessible it is to jobs and services.

  • The Government aims to improve housing supply and affordability, and encourage appropriate densities and diversity of housing options.

  • Increasing the availability and affordability of housing near job opportunities and transport connections will deliver important social and economic outcomes, while also contributing to improved liveability through smart design and reduced travel times.

Innovation and digital opportunities

  • This relates to the productivity of a city, drivers of innovation and entrepreneurship and access to public data.

  • The Government aims to harness the productive potential of information and communications technologies and the digital economy, and to make data publicly available wherever practical.

  • Thinking of technology solutions first can improve productivity and lifestyle in our cities, for example through better water management, more efficient street lighting and energy-smart buildings.

  • Unlocking and making use of the vast amounts of data held by governments at all levels can deliver better services for citizens and stimulate innovation.

Governance, city planning, and regulation

  • This relates to the processes for eregulatory systems support economic, social and environmental outcomes.

  • Long-term planning is critical for delivering the coordinated infrastructure, housing and services that shape our cities and the lives of residents.

  • The Government aims to deliver coordinated and integrated policy, planning and investment across all levels of government, to ensure the most effective use of available public funding, delivering better outcomes for our cities.

Jobs and skills

  • This relates to employment and training outcomes in our cities, including the performance of the employment market and the skill level of the workforce.

  • The Government aims to boost employment by supporting skills and industry development, and diverse economic growth.

  • Coordinated investment and planning, that takes account of local strengths and global trends, can improve access to jobs by locating job clusters closer to where people live, and improving transport connections between peoples’ homes and workplaces.